Laws Every Child Should Know
In India, there are certain restrictions imposed on children who are below 18 years, with a view on safety and security. It is the duty of every parent to inform kids regarding child laws, which exist in the country. In this blog, we will discuss some important laws which every child should know:
You might have seen children forcing their parents to allow them to drive two-wheelers or a car. According to law, driving any vehicle without a valid license is an offense. In case a child is caught driving without a license, parents will be held responsible and liable to punishment under the law. As per rules, the legal age to obtain a license for a two-wheeler below 50cc is 16 years. For a two-wheeler above 50cc and a four-wheeler, it is 18 years. So, it is advisable for parents not to allow their children who are below 18 years, to drive a vehicle.
You might be aware on punishments imposed on children in schools and many parents are worried about them. The Indian penal code protects children from being subjected to punishment in schools in India. According to IPC Section 83, any child who has not done his homework or has not dressed in a proper fashion should not be subjected to any kind of corporal punishment in Indian schools. Also, IPC Section 89 prohibits punishments that are not justified by the offense and also bans the use of force against a child.
As per laws, children are not allowed to consume alcohol in India. There is a legal age for drinking and it differs from state to state. The legal age ranges from 18 to 25 years, depending on the state where you reside. Some states like Gujarat and Bihar have banned the consumption of alcohol and have imposed a total ban. The penalty for underage drinking is imposed on the person supplying the alcohol, rather than on the juvenile consumer.
According to Indian law, children below 18 years are not allowed to join online portals like Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter. Opening an account in any e-portal involves having an e-contract with the administrators of the portal. So, no one below 18 years can legally join an online portal in India.
According to law, the minimum age of signing a contract in India is 18 years. If a person enters into a contract before he turns 18 years, the contract will be held invalid. The minor child should have a parent or guardians permission to enter into a contract, in order for it to be legally binding.
Criminal offenses committed by a minor include theft, damage to property, rape, assault, and murder. As per the IPC Section 82, children below the age of seven are exempted from the consequences of criminal acts they commit. As per IPC Section 83, any criminal act by a child aged between 7 and 12 years, may be forgiven if it is proven that the child was not mature enough to understand the consequences of the act. However, a minor can be dealt with by the authorities under the Juvenile Justice Act and not by the adult criminal justice system.