A National Flag is a necessity for all countries and is a symbol of the country we live in. Each country has got its own flag as its National Symbol. The Indian flag is called the Tricolor. The Saffron colour in the flag indicates strength and courage of the country. The white colour indicates peace and truth with Dharma Chakra. The green colour shows the fertility, growth, and auspiciousness of our land.
See Also: Laws and Rights Every Indian Should Know
The Flag Code of India, 2002, is a collection of all the laws, instructions and guidelines, which says how the national flag must be displayed. It also says what happens when someone violates the Flag Code. An advisory has been issued by the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), to all States and Union Territories to ensure strict compliance of the Flag Code on important National Events.
The shape of the Indian flag must be rectangular with a length to width ratio of 3:2. The flag code has prescribed many standard sizes of the national flag and you can choose an appropriate size for display. Usually, 50X100 mm size is used for table flags, 225X150 mm size for motor cars and 450X300 mm size for aircrafts on VVIP flights.
If rules and regulations are being properly followed, there is no restriction on the display of National Flag by members of the general public, educational institutions, private organizations and so on. Here we discuss certain important points that one has to keep in mind while displaying the national flag.
1. You cannot use the National Flag as a portion of a uniform or costume. You cannot get the national flag embroidered or printed on napkins, cushions and any other dress material.
2. You cannot use the national flag for commercial purposes.
3. One must not dip the flag to salute any person.
4. No letters must be put on the flag.
5. A flag which is untidy or damaged must never be used.
6. The flag should be flown only between sunrise to sunset.
7. You cannot use the flag as a container for receiving, delivering, or carrying any objects.
8. The National Flag cannot be used for covering the speaker’s desk or for draping the speaker’s platform.
9. The flag cannot be displayed with ‘saffron’ down.
Ministry of Home Affairs has advised avoiding plastic flags and using paper flags.
As plastic flags are not biodegradable and do not decompose for a long time, Ministry of home affairs has advised citizens to use paper flags instead. The paper flag used by the public must not be thrown on the ground. Instead, those flags must be disposed of in private.
See Also: What is Consumer Protection Act?
According to Section 2 of ‘The Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act, 1971’, Whoever, in any public place or in any other place within public view, burns, mutilates, defaces, defiles, disfigures, destroys, tramples upon or otherwise shows disrespect to or brings into contempt (whether by words, either spoken or written, or by acts) the Indian National Flag or any part of it, shall be punished.
The punishment term can go up to 3 years along with a fine.