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Laws To Protect Yourself From Online Trolling

IamCheated.com Research Team | January 31, 2019  7:16:pm

Laws To Protect Yourself From Online Trolling

Online trolling has become very common these days. If you open Instagram or Facebook, you will see at least one person getting trolled. Everyone gets trolled starting from celebrities and politicians to common students. Trolling may be fun but it is too hard to handle for the people who get trolled. So, in this blog, we will discuss how to tackle online trolling legally.

What is trolling?

Trolling refers to posting abusive and controversial remarks on social media and other types of online communities to trouble other people. Trolling is usually done with the intention of hurting feelings of others and to promote an angry reaction.

There are many troll pages on Facebook and Instagram which troll people each day. These pages also make use of funny Dubsmash and Tik-Tok videos to troll. The maximum number of trolls happens on social media sites like Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, YouTube videos, and forums.

See Also: Women Rights in India

Example of trolling

A few years back Alia Bhatt was trolled for saying Prithviraj Chauhan is the Prime Minister of India in the “Koffee with Karan” show. After the show was telecast, social media was flooded with memes and jokes on her.

Is trolling illegal?

There is no separate law to address online trolling in India. But as per the Information Technology (Amendment) Act, 2008 and Indian Penal Code (IPC), online trolling is a criminal act and it is punishable by the law. Here are the laws which can help you in case you are trolled online.

Information Technology Act (IT Act)

Posting sexually offensive content online

If a person posts any sexually offensive content on the Internet, the offender is punished with the imprisonment up to 3 years along with a fine of Rs 10 Lakh. If this offense is repeated, he can be punished with imprisonment up to 7 years along with a fine of the same amount. 

Violation of Privacy

If a person clicks a picture or records a video of your private area and transfers or publishes that photo or video without your permission, it is considered as a violation of privacy. In such a case offender will be imprisonment for up to 3 years along with a fine of Rs 2 Lakhs.

Indian Penal Code (IPC)


Under Section 354C IPC, legal action can be taken against the person who clicks a photo of a woman during a private act and publishes those images or videos.  The private act consists of women using a lavatory or a woman indulging in sexual acts in private.

Sexual Harassment

The person who posts dirty comments on social media is liable for a one-year jail along with the fine. If a person sends pornographic content to women against her will or requests for sexual favors, the offender is punishable with a three-year imprisonment and fine.

See Also: Sexual Harassment Laws


Defamation law is used in high profile cases. However, it can also be used if a person intentionally publishes anything or uses any words or signs to harm the reputation of a person. This offence covers, remarks on social media, obscene images or videos posted for public view. Anyone defaming a woman online is liable for two years of imprisonment.

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