The Motor Vehicles Amendment Bill which has already been passed by the Lok Sabha is yet to be passed in the Rajya Sabha. The bill is being opposed by opposition parties for reducing the power of State Governments and for favoring the Corporates. The bill proposes a huge increase in the various penalties for lawbreakers and it is favorable to Companies like Ola, Uber, and Meru.
The Motor Vehicle Act was passed in the year 1988 and was last amended in 2017. The recent revision in the Motor Vehicle Act has changed many things. In this blog, we will discuss how the latest revision will change the way Indians drive.
1. It is compulsory to submit Aadhaar for the purpose of applying for a driving license and for registration of a vehicle.
2. If juveniles violate traffic rules, the guardian or owner of the vehicle will be held responsible for the offense, unless they prove that they tried to prevent it or it was done without their knowledge. The registration of the vehicle will be cancelled. The minor who committed the offense will be held under the Juvenile Justice Act.
3. If a person loses his life in a hit and run case, his family will be given compensation of Rs 2 Lakhs or more by the government. Currently, just Rs 25,000 is paid to the victim's family. The victim's family or affected person has to apply for compensation within 6 months; otherwise, he will not be eligible for a claim.
4. Samaritans who help victims of road accidents will be protected from civil or criminal liability. It will be optional for them to disclose their identity.
5. The fine charged for rash driving has been increased from Rs 1,000 to Rs 5,000.
6. A minimum fine of Rs 10,000 will be collected for drunk driving, previously it was Rs 10,000.
7. The fine for driving without a license has been raised from Rs 500 to Rs 5,000.
8. The fine for over speeding will be increased from Rs 400 to Rs 1,000-2000.
9. If the driver is found talking on a mobile phone while driving, he will be charged a fine of Rs 5,000. Currently, it is Rs 1,000.
10. A driver will be charged a fine of Rs 1,000 as against Rs 100 at present for not wearing a seatbelt while driving.
11. It is compulsory to modify vehicles to make them suitable for specially-abled people.
12. A Motor Vehicle Accident Fund will be introduced to provide mandatory insurance cover to all road users in the country for certain types of accidents.
13. In India, many people lose their lives to accidents. The main reason behind these accidents are the bad condition of roads. Now the contractors, consultants and civil agencies will be held responsible for faulty design, construction or poor maintenance of roads leading to accidents.
14. The time limit for renewal of a driving license has been increased from 1 month to 1 year.
15. As per the new bill, there will be no cap on liability for third-party insurance. The earlier bill had capped the maximum liability at Rs 10 Lakhs in case of death and Rs 5 Lakhs in case of grievous injury.
16. If the components or engine of the vehicle do not meet required standards, the government can recall such vehicles. In such cases manufacturers can be fined up to Rs 500 crores.